One of the first signs of early aging is bagginess or puffiness around the eyes, often associated with wrinkling of the eyelid skin. Blepharoplasty, often referred to as eyelid surgery or Asian double eyelid surgery, is designed to correct this condition and to restore the youthful, alert appearance of your eyes. In my experience as a plastic surgeon and in the number of Sydney blepharoplasty I've performed, I have found people age very differently around the eyes depending on their family genes. Some girls can lose thier crisp eyelid look as early as aged 25 and others can look great and fresh well in their 50s.
This condition may be present in the upper eyelids, lower eyelids, or both. It may also be associated with looseness of the skin of the eyebrows or temple region. Modern thinking of eyelid surgery has changed dramatically to include the total appearance of the Forehead, eyebrow and cheek junction. Far more is known of the anatomy of the periorbital region of the face in the past 5-7 years. Surgery has become less invasive with more skin and fat presrvation reducing postoperative hollowness and complications. the trend has become less for "crazy-Hollywood" blepharoplasty and more towards Natural results.
The treatments now include non-surgical such as muscle relaxants to treat crows feet, dermal fillers for Tear trough. These 2 procedures alone have made blepharoplasty surgery less popular.
However blepharoplasty eyelid surgery has a place. Where there is extra skin and festoons, surgery can intereven to dramatically improve tired and angry look.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:
One of the first signs of early aging is bagginess or puffiness around the eyes, often associated with wrinkling of the eyelid skin. Blepharoplasty is designed to correct this condition and to restore the youthful alert appearance of your eyes. This condition may be present in the upper eyelids, lower eyelids, or both. It also may be associated with looseness of the skin of the eyebrows or temple region.
Normally, everyone has a small amount of fat around the eyeball. If the quantity of fat increases, or the local tissues stretch and weaken, the fat begins to bulge, producing "bags." Occasionally this bulging is seen in young patients and is an inherited family trait and not a result of aging. The laxity and wrinkling of eyelid skin may be seen alone or in conjunction with excess fat. These changes have a striking effect on one's appearance. An attractive face with these early signs of aging can affect a patient's self image, attitude, and sense of well-being.
What is a blepharoplasty?
Blepharoplasty is an operation designed to remove sagging skin and muscle from the eyelids and to remove "bags" by trimming away excess fat bulges. In some eyelid surgery cases, the upper or lower lids can be treated alone. If indicated, all four lids may be treated at the same time. At times, a forehead lift and/or a face lift is done along with the eyelid surgery. Excess drooping of the eyebrows and corners of the upper eyelids may require a forehead lift to correct the area.
Where are the incisions?
The incision made during blepharoplasty in the upper lid usually lies in the lid crease. The incision in the lower lid lies just below the eyelashes and parallel to the lid edge. Both incisions may extend for a short distance beyond the eyelids, toward the temple. In certain eyelid surgery cases, lower lid incisions may be made inside the lid (transconjunctival incision). Excellent healing is characteristic of the eyelid skin, and once the wounds are mature, they usually become quite inconspicuous. The outer part of the incision - the part extending toward the temple - is the slowest to mature and is sometimes noticeably pink for some months after the operation. The stitches are removed in three to seven days after surgery.
What kind of anesthesia is used?
A local anesthetic is used. The patient also receives sedation so that the blepharoplasty operation will be a relaxed and comfortable experience. A general anesthetic may be indicated in some cases.
How fast is recovery?
Swelling, discoloration, and bruising is to be expected. It is not unusual to have some difficulty seeing during the first day or two after double eyelid surgery because of the swelling. Patients vary a great deal in their recovery rate but usually can resume normal light activity or work 3-4 days after surgery.
Dark glasses and make-up can be used to camouflage the swelling and discoloration. The patient will usually be presentable without dark glasses in 10 days. A small amount of residual swelling persists for many weeks post-eyelid surgery but gradually disappears.
Will the bags and wrinkles come back?
Sagging skin or wrinkles may recur as the years go by, but it is unusual for "bags" to recur. The eyelid surgery can be repeated as necessary. "Crow's feet" (skin wrinkling at the corner of the eye near the temple) is not greatly affected by this procedure; they may be helped with an ancillary procedure such as a dermabrasion or chemical peel or the use of anti-wrinkle injection.
Where is the operation done?
The operation is usually done in an accredited day surgery facility as an outpatient. A friend or relative should be available to take you home and stay with you for at least the first 24 hours after blepharoplasty surgery. Some patients may have it done in a hospital operating room if other medical conditions are present.
Will insurance pay for eyelid surgery?
Patients who have functional or visual problems caused by excessive upper eyelid skin may be covered through their insurance/ health fund. This usually requires documentation by an ophthalmologist regarding the medical necessity of surgery.
Surgical risks may include: infection, bleeding, asymmetry, scarring, and nerve damage.